Generally, the term offence refers to the act of displeasure, anger, and displeasing. But, in the legal sense, it is an illegal act which is punishable as it is a breach of law or provisions in a statute. There are various kinds of offences stated under the Indian Penal Code, 1860 and numerous other codes. These offences are listed under Schedule I of the Criminal Procedure Code, 1973.
Difference between Cognizable and Non-Cognizable Offence
Difference between Bailable and Non-Bailable Offences
Difference between Compoundable and Non-Compoundable Offences
Hence, not every cognizable offence is a non-bailable offence as they can be of serious nature and thus, some cognizable offences can be bailable in nature and some non-cognizable offences can be non-bailable in nature.
The Criminal Procedure Code, 1973 (CrPC) is the Procedural Criminal Code of India that classifies the offences into these major categories based on their nature of offences under Schedule I.
Offences that are serious in nature can be categorized as cognizable, non-bailable, and non-compoundable whereas less serious offences come under the category of non-cognizable, bailable and compoundable.