Cyber crime: A form of crime that includes a computer and a network is known as computer-oriented crime. When sensitiveInformation is either intercepted or made public, whether legitimately or illegally, there are several privacy issues. In the current situation, cybercrime crosses international borders from different countries. According to a research conducted by the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) in collab with McAfee, cyber crime costs the economy $ 8 billion per/year.
Employees stealing or submitting erroneous data takes no technological skills. Changing, deleting, suppressing, or stealing production to conceal unlawful transactions by entering unlawful instructions or manipulating data using unlawful techniques. It’s tough to notice this. Changing or removing data that has been saved.
1. Malware (malicious code)
3. Denial of service attacks
CYBER CRIME IN INDIA
In the twenty-first century, India’s computer crime is fast growing. The IRS and technical support scams are two of the most common sorts of extortion schemes that are used to extort money from their victims.
In India, cybercrime cells have been created in major cities :-
1. Cyber Crime Investigation Cell, Noida
2. Cyber Crime Investigation Cell, Mumbai
4. Cyber crime Police Station, Hyderabad
5. Cyber crime Cell, Punjab
6. Cyber crime Cell, Rajasthan
In March 2018, the Indian Ministry of Home Affairs launched a Twitter account called “Cyber Dude” to encourage cyber security awareness .
Maharashtra (2380) and Karnataka (1101) have the most cyber crime instances, according to the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), followed by Uttar Pradesh (2639) with 2,639 instances.Tamil Nadu had 172 instances in 2014, 142 instances in 2015, and 144 instances in 2016. With 980 cases, Mumbai led the list of metropolitan cities, followed by Bengaluru (762), and Jaipur (532) . With 26 instances, Chennai was ranked 16th out of 16 metros.
PUNISHMENT IN CYBER CRIME OFFENSE
To combat the growth of cybercrime and protect people’s interests, the government has enacted a number of cybercrime-related legislation. These regulations also act as a deterrent to cybercrime. Aside from that, the government has established cyber cells at police stations to combat cyber crime as quickly as possible:-
I. Section 66
Computer-related offences. Any person who undertakes any conduct listed in section 43 dishonestly or fraudulently can be sentenced to two to three years in prison or fined. Which might rise to five lakhs (five lakhs) of rupee or both.
Theft of one’s identity
Using a password, electronic signature, or other unique identifier created by someone else without their permission is punished by up to three years in prison, with the potential of an extension.
The defendants were convicted under sections 469, 509 IPC, and 67 of the IT Act 2000. He has been found guilty and jailed for the crime:
1. He will be sentenced to two years in jail and a fine of Rs.500/- under IPC 469.
2. He will be sentenced to one year in jail and a fine of Rs.500/- under section 509 of the Indian Penal Code.
3. According to Section 67 of the Information Technology Act of 2000, he must take two years of training and pay Rs. 4000/-.
All of the sentences were meant to run together.The defendant was sentenced to life in jail in Chennai’s Central Jail after paying a hefty sum of money. It is considered to be the first conviction under Section 67 of the Information Technology Act of 2000 in India.
HOW CAN INDIA PREVENT CYBER CRIME?
In India, cybercrime is defined by the Information Technology Act. In India, you may begin creating strong passwords by using private mode on social networking sites. The following are some more preventative measures:
· Install anti-virus, anti-malware, and anti-spyware software.
· Install a firewall for your network.
· Use a virtual private network (VPN).
· Encrypt data.
· Back up data regularly.
· Implement an employee password policy.