MENSTRUAL HYGIENE ISSUES IN INDIA
- The adolescent girls in this society use towel, old clothes, newspaper, toilet paper instead of sanitary pads. In India 12-20% uses sanitary pads rest all uses very UN hygiene clothes which lead to the death of many. In many rural areas, women are unable to afford a sanitary pad which is very costly for them as the economic conditions vary.
- 1/4 of the girls in India, that is 25%, is dropped out of the schools after puberty. They are not allowed to study as they are considered as women after the attainment of puberty and they get married at a very small age. These practices are still followed in remote areas.
- In India, women are not allowed to enter into temples, church or any holy places as they are considered as impure. Even they are not allowed to enter into the kitchen and also, they are provided with separate glass, plate etc. they are completely ignored from the family at the time of menses.
- During this monthly period every woman has pain, cramps and discomfort. Most of the women also have painful menstruation which is known as dysmenorrhea, the dysmenorrhea may be classified into primary and secondary. The primary dysmenorrhea is a common period’s pain in which the women have cramps and abdominal pain which last for 2-3 days. But in Secondary dysmenorrhea, the women will have severe pain which will start before the monthly periods and continue after the end of the menstruation.
BACKGROUND OF THE BILL
PROVISIONS OF THE BILL
The women employee is entitled to take rest for 30 minutes twice a day but not more than 4 days during her menstruation and also to provide creche facilities when the sector consists of more than 50 employees.
This bill also provides better facilities in the working place for women during her menstruation.
Every woman shall have the right of self-perception of her menstruation.
Whoever breach the provision of the bill will be punishable with imprisonment of 1-3 months and with a fine which may extend up to fifty thousand rupees.
A digital media company called culture machine introduced the policy of providing one day paid leave for their female employees as the company aim is to create a women-friendly environment. After this decision a strong debate was created, as this bill was hailed by lots of people at the same time there was lots of objection towards this policy. Let us look into the arguments of supporters of the bill
We talk about women empowerment in India, but the actual reality is, the women employment is constantly decreasing in India. And The World Bank carried out a study named “Reassessing Patterns of Female Labour Force Participation in India” as it was a long study which was up to 8 years from 2004 to 2012. They founded out that 19.6 million women were dropped out of the work during this period; most of the women were from rural areas.
- So, by initiating this bill a women-friendly environment can be created at the workplace.
- The health of the women is given priority.
- This kind of leave should not be considered as sick leave instead it should be said as a menstrual leave because periods should not be considered as sickness.
- Countries like Indonesia, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan and also Italy are providing menstrual leave for women. So, bypassing this bill there can be a women welfare and encouragement.
- The World Bank in his study founded out that the drop out of women from the workforce is due to the increase in economic stability rather than health issues.
- If this bill is passed, there can be more dip in the female workforce as because the companies would step backwards to hire female employees.
- As before women were not in a good position, they were only been as a subordinate to men after a long battle woman were treated as equal to men. But the bill defeats by considering women as the weaker sex.
- Women tried hard to convey the message that menstruation is not a sickness, but the bill re-enforces the orthodox thoughts, old custom and traditions.
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