– Aarjav Jain
India has always been famous for its rich culture, heritage and Handicraft work. People from all over the world visit India and purchase handmade product as a sign of remembrance. Now again time has came to give platform to handicraft workers to showcase their talent in this Era of industrialization. We all know that due to advent of this Industrialization, we started neglecting handicraft workers by buying machine made product instead of handmade products. For example
Before cotton could even be created into material and different merchandise, the seeds should have been evacuated. With the creation of the cotton gin, paces could be expelled by machine. This reinforced the cotton exchange North America. The Indian cotton industry worked locally, as opposed to on a bigger, increasingly composed scale. This created additional decay and negatively affected the Indian cotton handiwork industry. One of the reasons of buying industrial product is surely their cheap price.
FACTORS DEPLETING THE INDIAN HANDICRAFT INDUSTRY
Indian Handicraft and traditional craft grandstand the rich legacy and genuine culture of our country. With delightful plans, the craftsman’s convey an inheritance of their property, fantasy, culture and cut their specialty into structures that can be sent to ages. Indian craftsmans were exceptionally respected and remunerated until the episode of nineteenth century industrialization. In any case, the Indian Government, since autonomy has executed different designs to make sure about this area, the industrialization has been kept on influencing craftsmans. Innovative progression is likewise a significant purpose for the decrease of carefully assembled items into machine made items that cost somewhat less as thought about, this thus taking Indian painstaking work industry is very nearly eradication.
Then again, the commitment of Indian handiworks can’t be disregarded. The business has offered work to an enormous number of craftsmans from age to age. The state of the business in India has been changed at this point. Rather than higher possibilities, the segment is experiencing the intense decrease in send out business. The following are challenges Indian craftsmans are confronting:
With the start of globalization and the accessibility of more affordable and varied items, the market is confronting extreme rivalry in the worldwide market. These items are regularly seen as customary, good old and contradictory to present day tastes. There have been lesser efforts made so as to reposition the picture of crafted works in India and construct client valuation for the history and social character related with these items.
The techniques and the process of crafting vary from one craft to another; the production takes place in households, with all the family members get engaged in various aspects of the process. Even though there are organized artisans structures exist, those craftsmen typically produce within community settings. .
· Unfavorable condition of Exporter
Many small exporters it was difficult to survive in the market, as the demand for handmade products started declining due to coming of industries. As a result those small exporters started switching their business as they could not pay wages to labours and it became quite hard to survive in the market.
IMPACT OF INDUSTRIALISATION
No doubt that industries are blessing for us and it reduces the time of production but it has its negative impact too which cannot be ignored at any cost. Due to coming of railways we could commute from one place to another, due coming of machines we could be able make products in 1 days which used to take months to prepare but negative impact was hard to recover from. Some of those are:
· Loss of Jobs
Industrialization leads to loss of job of thousands of workers. Due to high demand of industrial produce because of being cheap and easy availability, the demand for handmade products started falling and it leads to loss of job of many handicraft workers
· Migration of Workers
As the demand for Handicraft items started to decline, people who earned their living through this had to migrate from rural to urban in order to earn bread and butter for their families. They had to leave their homes and native place in order to work in the industries.
· Exploitation by Industrialist
Workers have always been exploited by industrialist in many ways. There used to get low wages, owners of mills and factories forced them to work extra without any increment in their salaries Etc.
The advent of industrialization in India had bring so many positive changes like introduction of railway, through which we can commute from one place to another, introduction of machines which reduces the workload of humans etc. but the impact of industries have not been confined to its positive result but it has its negative impact on our Handicraft Workers like they had to left their homes in order to work in industries, they are being exploited by industrialist, they had to leave their ancestral work as the demand for handmade products started declining due to coming of industries. Although with the passing of time the government have made many policies for protection of Handicraft workers and for saving culture and heritage by promoting handicraft items and handlooms by providing them fiscal support.
Student of Himachal Pradesh National Law University, Shimla
 Rakesh, Keeping Alive India’s Traditional Handicrafts( 19 Oct 2020, 5:55 P.M.) https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/keeping-alive-indias-traditional-handicrafts/article29578946.ece
Mamta Agarwal, Changing condition of Artisian In India(july 10 2020, 12:30 P.M.) https://www.historydiscussion.net/british-india/decline-of-industries-and-changing-conditions-of-artisans-in-india-during-british-rule/644