Trending: Call for Papers Volume 4 | Issue 3: International Journal of Advanced Legal Research [ISSN: 2582-7340]

JUVENILE DELINQUENCY IN INDIA – Yugakshar Pajnee & Dr Harshita Singh


Juvenile delinquency in India presents a multifaceted challenge with far-reaching implications for society and the criminal justice system. This study delves into the complex dynamics of juvenile offending within the Indian context, aiming to provide a comprehensive understanding of the root causes, legal frameworks, socio-economic determinants, psychological factors, and intervention strategies associated with youth delinquency. Through an interdisciplinary approach encompassing legal analysis, sociological inquiry, and psychological examination, the study examines the nexus between socio-economic disparities, family dynamics, peer influences, and societal norms in shaping juvenile behaviour. Additionally, the study explores the evolving legislative landscape governing juvenile justice in India, from the Juvenile Justice Act of 1986 to the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015, highlighting the shift towards a more rehabilitative and child-centric approach. By analysing case studies, comparative data, and empirical evidence, the study elucidates the impact of mental health disorders, substance abuse, and media influences on juvenile offending patterns. Furthermore, the study evaluates the effectiveness of preventive measures, intervention programs, and community-based initiatives in mitigating the risk factors associated with juvenile delinquency and promoting positive youth outcomes. The findings underscore the imperative of adopting holistic, evidence-based approaches to juvenile justice, grounded in principles of equity, inclusion, and social justice. Ultimately, the study contributes to the ongoing discourse on juvenile delinquency in India, offering insights and recommendations to inform policy development, program implementation, and future research endeavours aimed at addressing this pressing social issue.

Basically, the word itself briefly refers to a wide range of problems. In simple language, who are below 18 years of age, whether they are boys or girls, involved in crime or criminal acts or a victim of criminal activities, or seen in many instances. The cases where it clearly shows prima facie visibility of deviation and change in the normal youthful pattern of behaviors. Juvenile Delinquency in the other way can be framed as juvenile offending. Which can be easily seen among minors as a part of unlawful act and behavior. The word delinquency is also a part and also relates to the juvenile delinquency which universalizes in the context of young individuals whose acts becomes unlawful with respect to the state order and that is the intolerant or offensive way.