This research paper explores the intricate interplay between cybersecurity and legal liability within the context of India’s evolving digital landscape. It delves into the legal framework, including India’s recent Personal Data Protection Act, 2023, and discusses key provisions and standards. The paper analyzes various legal liability scenarios, encompassing civil, regulatory, and criminal dimensions, while drawing from real-world case studies. It also underscores the significance of proactive strategies such as cybersecurity best practices, compliance, and contractual agreements in minimizing legal exposure. Additionally, it explores the emerging challenges posed by AI-driven cyber threats and potential changes in cybersecurity regulations. Finally, the paper emphasizes the pivotal role of artificial intelligence and machine learning in cybersecurity and liability assessment. Keywords: cybersecurity, legal liability, India, Personal Data Protection Act, 2023, data protection, cyber threats, AI, machine learning, compliance, risk mitigation, digital landscape.
Keywords – Cybersecurity, Legal liability, India, Personal Data Protection Act – 2023, Data protection, Cyber threats